We all want more energy and we all want to try and eat healthier, but how do you determine which foods you should be eating, and when, to boost your energy levels? Let’s talk about the big three: carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Everyone digests or breaks-down these macronutrients differently. All three provide energy, but the amount of energy and how quickly they supply energy differs. Carbohydrates are the quickest, and fats are the slowest. Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats once digested, are broken down into their basic units:
- Carbohydrates into sugars
- Proteins into amino acids
- Fats into fatty acids and glycerol
The body uses these basic units to build substances it needs for growth, maintenance, and activity. The energy you get from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats is measured in calories per gram. Their value as a source of energy can come from additional factors, such as lifestyle. Lifestyle factors, such as diet and activity level, can determine which macronutrient is being used for energy.